What is hyperglycemia?
Have you listened to people complain about hypotension or hypertension, but have no idea what that means? To put it simply, the former is when the blood pressure is low, and the latter occurs when the blood pressure shoots high. If your blood pressure level is constantly over 140mmHg and/or 90mmHg, it is said that you have high blood pressure. It can lead to a number of complications and in severe situations, could even be fatal.
Signs and symptoms of high blood pressure
There are plenty of ways how your body tells you about this condition. Some of them are discussed below. However, your body doesn’t always show symptoms indication the condition. Even those whose blood pressures are dangerously high might not suffer from any of the symptoms.
This is a common issue when your blood pressure is high since it can distress your retina and the optical nerve that is situated behind the eye.
Fatigue and dizziness
The feeling of always being weak, tired, and fatigued is a sign of high blood pressure. However, it is wise to approach a doctor because it could also be low blood sugar. If the blood pressure is high, it is making your heart worked more, which could cause the patients to become lightheaded or feel dizzy.
Shortness of breath
If you are running out of breath while performing day to day tasks, it is best to visit your doctor. Since there are issues in circulation, it could potentially cause shortness of breath.
Nausea and vomiting
Since the blood pressure is climbing up, chances are that your digestive system is getting disturbed as well. This leads to nausea, stomach upset, and vomiting.
Chest pain and headache
Since the heart is working under a lot of pressure, it is likely to pump harder and faster, causing chest pains. Fluctuations in blood pressure could cause headaches.
Nosebleeds are a common symptom of high blood pressure since the smaller blood vessels on the nose can swell and burst due to the intense pressure.
Nerves and panic attacks
It is common to see one suffering from hypertension sweat and flush. It can also cause panic attacks.
Black-outs and fits
Many blackouts due to high blood pressure are caused by syncope. In severe cases, it could also cause fits and strokes.
What Causes High Blood Pressure?
In most cases, as much as 90% of those with hypertension, the cause is unknown. However, there are several factors that play an important role – some that can be changed and is under your control and some that are out of your control.
Factors that are not under your control
Age: The older one is, the higher the chances of having higher blood pressure. This is due to the hardening of the arteries.
Race: Race also plays a role. For instance, African Americans tend to have a higher blood pressure than Caucasians. In most cases, they develop hypertension quite soon in life and face more consequences later on.
Heredity: Family and genetics can play a role in the chances of developing high blood pressure. It runs in families.
Gender: It has been found that men have a higher chance of developing hypertension than women. However, the likelihood differs among ethnic groups.
Factors that you can control
Lack of physical activity: An inactive lifestyle could the reason for developing a high blood pressure as it contributes to obesity, a major risk factor with hypertension.
Alcohol consumption: Consuming over one or two drinks a day can increase the blood pressure for those who show sensitiveness to alcohol.
Oral contraceptives: Birth control pills can also be a factor for developing high blood pressure.
Certain medications: This includes the intake of diet pills, allergy medicines, or amphetamines. These medicines and others that fall into these categories can increase one’s blood pressure.
Obesity: With the increase in body weight, blood pressure increases. Obesity is when one has a BMI or body mass index of 25-30 kg/m. Doctors advice individuals with obesity to lose weight until they are 15% of their healthy body weight. A study has found that obese people are 6 times more likely to develop hypertension.
Exercising and having a proper meal can go a long way in ensuring that you lead a healthy life. It is also recommended that you quit your smoking and excessive drinking habits to remain safe. There are several factors that you can control, and it is beneficial for your health if you can work on them.
If you have any additional health considerations, it is better to consult with a doctor. In case of suffering from diabetes, following a strict diet can do wonders in controlling it. Stay healthy!